Scaling and Root Planing (Non-surgical Treatment)
Everyday oral activities like eating, drinking, and the consequent bacteria and saliva buildup in the mouth can cause a thin, sticky film to develop on the teeth throughout the day. This film is usually transparent and needs to be cleaned daily by brushing.
The bacterial film, if not cleaned, can lead to plaque formation. The plaque then hardens to form tartar, and tartar requires professional cleaning. The bacteria in tartar can cause a gum infection that can loosen the gums by destroying the tooth's supporting tissue underneath the gums. Loosened gums form pockets where the further accumulation of tartar and bacteria occurs. This can lead to the development of the periodontal disease. To treat periodontal disease, one of the initial steps is the deep cleaning of the pockets. The deep cleaning of gum pockets is done through two non-surgical procedures: scaling and root planing. Dr. Behnaz Yalda, DMD can provide the assistance of experts to help you choose the right treatment.
What is Scaling and Its Procedure
Scaling is a procedure done for the removal of plaque and tartar below the gumline. It is done to clean the pocket thoroughly and involves using a scaling tool that can be mechanical and electrical.
Scaling done mechanically involves the use of a dental scraper. It is a pointy and sharp-edged tool inserted under the gumline at an angle of forty-five and ninety degrees to the denticle. The tooth and the root surface are then cleaned by scraping in vertical, horizontal, and circular motions.
The electrical tool for scaling is composed of a metal tip and a water spray. It is an ultrasonic instrument that works by the metal tip cleaning the gumline and the water spray, spraying water over the gumline to clear out any residues.
What is Root Planning and Its Procedure
The bacteria from the tartar affect the gums and the supporting tissue of the tooth and the tooth and its roots as well. The bacteria damage either the cementum and dentin or both layers of the tooth. Root planing involves removing the damaged layer so the loosened gum tissue can re-attach to the tooth, and the tooth can be prevented from falling off.
What to Expect After a Procedure?
The individual may suffer a few side effects after getting a deep cleaning procedure. These symptoms are temporary and will fade away as the gum tissue heals. These include bleeding and irritated gums, tooth discomfort, and swelling around the treated area. Some individuals may also develop an allergy because of the materials used during the procedure.
Aftercare Steps for a Deep Cleaning Procedure
After getting a deep cleaning procedure, it is crucial to follow strict oral hygiene. The individual should brush their teeth twice and floss them once a day to avoid any bacteria buildup.
It is recommended to avoid hot, cold, and sugary foods for some time after the procedure so the gums can heal properly, and any unnecessary damage can be prevented. Our dentist may prescribe a few anti-inflammatory drugs or ointments for the post-procedure inflammation of gums. To figure whether you need scaling or root planing procedure, you can consult our experts at Dr. Behnaz Yalda, DMD through (240) 831-6001.